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Engineering | Water / Wastewater Engineer

Water / Wastewater Engineer

What Does a Professional in this Career Do?

A Water or Wastewater Engineer specializes in the treatment and management of contaminated water. Designs sewage systems and water treatment plants.

Job Outlook

There were 862 Water / Wastewater Engineer job postings in North Carolina in the past year and 19326 in the United States.

In combination with other careers in the Water / Wastewater Engineer industry, which includes the Water / Wastewater Engineer career, the following graph shows the number of people employed for each year since 2015:

Salary

Many new Water / Wastewater Engineer jobs have salaries estimated to be in the following ranges, based on the requirements and responsibilities listed in job postings from the past year.

National

The average estimated salary in the United States for this career, based on job postings in the past year, is $88,356.

State

The average estimated salary in North Carolina for this career, based on job postings in the past year, is $83,999.

Percentiles represent the percentage that is lower than the value. For example, 25% of estimated salaries for Water / Wastewater Engineer postings in the United States in the past year were lower than $74,496.

Education and Experience

Posted Water / Wastewater Engineer jobs typically require the following level of education. The numbers below are based on job postings in the United States from the past year. Not all job postings list education requirements.

Education LevelPercentage
Associate's Degree2.18%
Bachelor's Degree80.8%
Master's Degree31.61%
Doctoral Degree3.03%
Other3.34%

Posted Water / Wastewater Engineer jobs typically require the following number of years of experience. The numbers below are based on job postings in the United States from the past year. Not all job postings list experience requirements.

Years of ExperiencePercentage
0 to 2 years18.75%
3 to 5 years41%
6 to 8 years20.42%
9+ years19.83%

Skills

Below are listings of the most common general and specialized skills Water / Wastewater Engineer positions expect applicants to have as well as the most common skills that distinguish individuals from their peers. The percentage of job postings that specifically mention each skill is also listed.

Baseline Skills

A skill that is required across a broad range of occupations, including this one.

  • Planning (42.85%)
  • Communication (38.51%)
  • Management (36.84%)
  • Coordinating (20.63%)
  • Writing (18.8%)
  • Leadership (16.62%)
  • Verbal Communication Skills (15.81%)
  • Microsoft Office (15.12%)
  • Operations (14.85%)
  • Presentations (14.02%)

Defining Skills

A core skill for this occupation, it occurs frequently in job postings.

  • Pump Stations (13.75%)
  • AutoCAD (22.47%)
  • HEC-HMS (Hydrologic Modeling System) (10.93%)
  • Civil Engineering (34.41%)
  • Hydrology (28.34%)
  • Environmental Engineering (26.19%)
  • HEC-RAS (15.24%)
  • Project Management (42.22%)
  • Wastewater (49.91%)
  • Hydraulic Engineering (11.48%)
  • Stormwater Management (30.76%)
  • Water Resources (37.56%)
  • Water Quality (8.54%)
  • Sewage Treatments (22.19%)
  • Water/Wastewater Engineering (9.84%)

Necessary Skills

A skill that is requested frequently in this occupation but isn’t specific to it.

  • AutoCAD Civil 3D (13.49%)
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (9.25%)
  • Computer-Aided Design (11.28%)
  • Project Engineering (13.84%)
  • Project Implementation (5.61%)
  • Geographic Information Systems (15.68%)
  • Engineering Calculations (7.77%)
  • ArcGIS (GIS Software) (14.41%)
  • Business Development (18.81%)
  • Construction (16.82%)
  • Engineering Design Process (16.47%)
  • Process Engineering (6.19%)
  • Chemical Engineering (12.28%)
  • Business Strategies (2.81%)
  • Construction Management (11.03%)
  • Feasibility Studies (3.4%)
  • Hydraulics (19.92%)
  • Marketing (8.12%)
  • Mechanical Engineering (5.69%)
  • MicroStation (CAD Design Software) (9.97%)
  • Water Resource Management (3.15%)
  • Risk Analysis (5.46%)
  • Water Treatment (14.48%)
  • Commissioning (2.4%)
  • Technical Writing (8.47%)
  • Water Distribution (6.93%)

Distinguishing Skills

A skill that may distinguish a subset of the occupation.

  • Industrial Wastewater (3.72%)
  • Hydraulic Analysis (4.56%)
  • Hydrologic Analysis (3.54%)
  • Climate Change Adaptation (2.89%)
  • Spillway (4.26%)
  • Hydraulic Structure (2.73%)
  • Watershed Management (4.58%)
  • Flood Controls (4.43%)
  • Levees (3.98%)
  • Hydropower (1.15%)
  • Hydrologic Modeling (2.26%)
  • Green Infrastructure (6.2%)
  • Stream Restoration (3.21%)
  • Water Law (3.16%)

Salary Boosting Skills

A professional who wishes to excel in this career path may consider developing the following highly valued skills. The percentage of job postings that specifically mention each skill is listed.

  • Water/Wastewater Engineering (13.42%)
  • Industrial Wastewater (5.07%)
  • AutoCAD (30.65%)
  • Civil Engineering (46.94%)
  • Environmental Engineering (35.73%)
  • HEC-RAS (20.79%)
  • Hydrology (38.66%)
  • Green Infrastructure (8.46%)
  • Watershed Management (6.25%)

Alternative Job Titles

Sometimes employers post jobs with Water / Wastewater Engineer skills but a different job title. Some common alternative job titles include:

  • Water/Wastewater Engineer
  • Water Resources Engineer
  • Water/Wastewater Project Engineer
  • Wastewater Engineer
  • Stormwater Engineer
  • Water Resources Project Engineer
  • Water Engineer
  • Wastewater Process Engineer
  • Civil Water Engineer
  • Water/Wastewater Operator

Similar Occupations

If you are interested in exploring occupations with similar skills, you may want to research the following job titles. Note that we only list occupations that have at least one corresponding NC State Online and Distance Education program.

Common Employers

Here are the employers that have posted the most Water / Wastewater Engineer jobs in the past year along with how many they have posted.

United States

  • Black & Veatch (1344)
  • CDM Smith (1067)
  • AECOM (571)
  • WSP Global (479)
  • HDR (385)
  • Stantec (379)
  • Olsson (353)
  • GPAC (327)
  • Jacobs Engineering Group (309)
  • Tetra Tech (283)

North Carolina

  • Black & Veatch (144)
  • CDM Smith (41)
  • WSP Global (30)
  • State of North Carolina (29)
  • Tetra Tech (20)
  • GPAC (18)
  • Mcgill Associates, P.A. (17)
  • City of Durham (17)
  • Geosyntec Consultants (17)
  • Dewberry (15)

NC State Programs Relevant to this Career

If you are interested in preparing for a career in this field, the following NC State Online and Distance Education programs offer a great place to start!